Baby blowing bubbles, beware of pneumonia
The newborn’s nervous system is underdeveloped and poorly tuned, and early pneumonia does not show cough or other typical symptoms.
It is understood that some children in the clinic will spit bubbles. This is because the trachea of the newborn is short and narrow and funnel-shaped. When exhaling, the gas in the lungs rushes out of the mouth through the constricted trachea.
There are many causes of neonatal pneumonia. Children will have pneumonia when they are born. Generally, they are caused before birth and at birth.
The water before production lives in the amniotic fluid-filled uterus, when hypoxia occurs (such as the umbilical cord around the neck, fetal heart changes, abnormal fetal movements), respiratory movement will occur and aspiration of amniotic fluid will cause aspiration pneumonia; if the water is broken early, the labor process will be prolongedOr, during the delivery process, the absorption of bacterial contaminated amniotic fluid or secretions of the birth canal can easily cause bacterial pneumonia; if the amniotic fluid is contaminated with meconium, aspiration into the lungs will cause meconium aspiration pneumonia.
The other is post-natal infectious pneumonia.
If the child comes in contact with a carrier (such as a cold), the child is easily infected with pneumonia; the newborn is infected with pneumonia through blood circulation due to sepsis or umbilitis, enteritis, and this infection can be caused by bacteria;In older babies, pneumonia can also be caused by viruses and other microorganisms.
Atypical symptoms of neonatal pneumonia and older children’s pneumonia are not exactly the same, more atypical, a few have cough, and the temperature may not rise.
The main symptoms are purple around the mouth, foaming in the mouth, difficulty breathing, debilitating, crying less, not crying, and refusing milk.
Sometimes it’s a “cold” symptom, such as stuffy nose and diarrhea.
But if you look closely, you will find that the child’s breathing is fast (more than 45 times per minute, which is normally 40?
44 beats / min), and may even be accompanied by symptoms of dyspnea such as the upper sternum fossa, the intercostal space and the xiphoid depression when inhaled.
Parents can count the number of breaths, 1 minute, when the baby is quiet. Do not breathe immediately after breastfeeding, just after taking a bath, after having a bowel movement, and when crying.
If the infection is controlled in time, it is easy to spread to the whole body. If the child has a typical manifestation of fever, cough, etc., the disease is more serious.
Therefore, newborns with the above manifestations should immediately see a doctor and engage in early diagnosis and treatment.
High requirements for treatment. As the cough reflex of the newborn has matured, respiratory secretions cannot be coughed, and suffocation is likely to occur. Therefore, sputum must be sucked and nebulized frequently to keep the airway of the child unaffected. Generally, the child has a poor appetite during illnessIf you eat very little, you need intravenous drip infusion to supplement it. Newborns have very poor resistance and the condition changes rapidly. You must inject antibiotics intravenously. If pneumothorax or mediastinum emphysema occurs, surgical suction and drainage are needed in time.
Therefore, neonatal pneumonia should in principle be hospitalized.
Mild pneumonia in stable condition can also be left without hospitalization, but it must be diagnosed by a doctor and treated under the guidance of a doctor. At the same time, changes in the condition must be carefully observed.
Prevention is very important to prevent neonatal pneumonia, and infectious diseases of pregnant women should be treated; sterilized during labor, to avoid contamination during delivery; suck the oral and nasal secretions before the newborn’s first breath.
After the child is discharged from the hospital, guests should be rejected as much as possible, especially those with respiratory infections. Avoid entering the baby’s room. If the mother has a respiratory infection, she must wear a mask to approach the child.
Ventilate your baby’s room every day1?
2 times to keep the indoor air fresh.
To prevent children from getting cold, the room temperature should rise to 26 ℃ in winter?
28 ℃, water temperature 38 ℃?
At 40 ℃, it is advisable to cross the elbow to test the water temperature of the adult. After washing, wrap it with a dry towel towel prepared in advance and wipe it dry.